Built during the 13th and 14th centuries, the Alhambra is a group of buildings that overlook Granada. The finest example of Moorish architecture, it was a magnificent citadel for the Moorish kings of Spain. When the Moors were expelled from Spain, the citadel was mutilated but in the 19th century, it was restored to its former glory. Close by is the Palacio Del Generalife, the summer residence of the Moorish rulers, on the grounds of which contain fabulous gardens.
The Moors were a nomadic North African people consisting mainly of Arabs and Berbers. They invaded Spain in the 8th century and were expelled from it in the early 17th century, prior to which most had been exterminated during the Spanish Inquisition. Yet, their contribution to Spain in terms of medicine, art, architecture and science, was immeasurable.
A people of commerce, learning, imagination and panache who, like so many of their kind throughout history, were eventually persecuted to near extinction.