Turku is the birthplace of Finnish culture. Its success story began in 1229, when it became a bishop’s seat and the Swedish king had a fortress built to protect the city and also to control the power of the Church.
Finland was a Swedish province until 1809. Due to its strategic location, the city of Turku played an important role. A total of 13 Swedish kings resided in the city at various times during their visits to the south of Finland and they were well protected by the high towers and mighty walls of its fortress.
In 1809, the Danes attacked and plundered various regions of Turku and laid siege to its cathedral for five days and in the 18th century, the army of the Russian Tsar also ravaged the city.
Turku is often referred to as the birthplace of Finnish culture and its historic buildings most certainly provide a fascinating insight into its colorful past.
Global Treasures - History's Most Protected Monuments - Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa's Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world's heritage. Join us as we explore one of these protected monuments.