The area of land in which Rome’s famous Forum Romanum is located was once an overgrown swampland. Many ancient relics are scattered around what was once the heart of the mighty Roman Empire, that for so long dominated Europe.
Since the beginning of the 3rd century, the majestic and impressive Arch of Septimius Severus has maintained its function as an architectural expression of triumph.
Within the interior of the Kurie, with its two side pedestals, was the seat of the Roman senate in which there was room for 300 senators who had been democratically elected by the people. Huge buildings such as the Maxentius Basilica, named after the emperor, Constantine, are still recognizable today.
It was only at the beginning of the 19th century that interest in ancient Rome returned with well-organized archaeological excavations. From 1898, archaeologists worked their way through to the oldest and deepest foundations and with these new discoveries, the ancient character of the Forum Romanum as the centre of the Roman Empire was returned to the glorious light of day.
Global Treasures - History's Most Protected Monuments - Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa's Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world's heritage. Join us as we explore one of these protected monuments.